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Indian Polity Mock Test-44

Question No:1

Which of the following exercised the most profound influence in framing the Indian Constitution ?

A. British Constitution
B. US Constitution
C. Irish Constitution
D. The Government of India Act, 1935



Question No:2

The first attempt to introduce a representative and popular element in the governance of India was made through :

A. Indian Council Act, 1861
B. Indian Council Act, 1892
C. Indian Council Act, 1909
D. Government of India Act, 1919



Question No:3

Which of the following acts introduced communal electorate in India ?

A. Indian Council Act, 1861
B. Indian Council Act, 1892
C. Indian Council Act, 1909
D. Government of India Act, 1935



Question No:4

Assertion (A) : The Government of India Act of 1858 transferred the governance of India from the East India Company to the Crown.

Reason (R) : The East India Company was unwilling to administer India any more.

Codes :

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
B. Both A and R is true but R is not a correct explanation of A
C. A is true but R is false
D. A is false but R is true



Question No:5

By virtue of which Act, dyarchy was introduced in India ?

A. Indian Council Act, 1909
B. Government of India Act, 1919
C. Government of India Act, 1935
D. Indian Independence Act, 1947



Question No:6

The instrument of instructions contained in the Government of India Act, 1935 has been incorporated in the Constitution of India in the year 1950 as—

A. Fundamental Rights
B. Directive Principles of the State Policy
C. Fundamental Duties
D. Emergency Provisions



Question No:7

The Government of India Act, 1935 was based on :

A. the principle of federation and parliamentary system
B. the principle of succession of the British Indian provinces
C. acceptance of the idea of a Constituent Assembly to draft a constitution
D. None of these



Question No:8

The monopoly of Indian trade of the East India Company was abolished by the :

A. Regulating Act, 1773
B. Charter Act, 1813
C. Charter Act, 1833
D. Government of India Act, 1858



Question No:9

Consider the following Acts :

1. The Regulating Act
2. Pitt’s India Act
3. The Charter Act
4. Indian Council Act

What is the correct chronological sequence of these Acts ?

A. 1, 2, 3, 4
B. 2, 1, 3, 4
C. 4, 3, 2, 1
D. 3, 4, 2, 1



Question No:10

Consider the following statements—

The objective of the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919 was :
1. To give power to the local government
2. To establish diarchy in the provinces
3. The extension of provincial government

Which of these statements are correct ?

A. 1 and 2
B. 1 and 3
C. 2 and 3
D. 1, 2 and 3



Question No:11

Consider the following with reference to the provisions of ‘Government of India Act, 1935’ .

1. Establishment of an all-Indian Federation
2. Provincial autonomy, with a Government responsible to an elected legislature

3. Redistribution of provinces and the creation of two new provinces

Which of these were embodied in the Government of India Act, 1935 ?

A. 1, 2 and 3
B. 1 and 2
C. 2 and 3
D. 1 and 3



Question No:12

With reference to the colonial period of India, the trade monopoly of the East India Company was ended by—

A. The Regulating Act of 1773
B. Pitt’s India Act of 1784
C. The Charter Act of 1813
D. The Charter Act of 1833



Question No:13

Consider the following statements with reference to the provisions of Morley-Minto Reform Act in the Colonial India :

1. The Morley-Minto Reform Act raised the number of additional number of the Central Legislature
2. It introduced the principle of communal representation in the Legislature
3. It empowered the Legislation to discuss the budget and to move resolutions on it

Which of these statements are correct ?

A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 1,2 and 3
D. 1 and 3



Question No:14

Two independent states of India and Pakistan were created by :

A. The Simla Conference
B. The Cripps proposal
C. The Cabinet Mission Plan
D. The Indian Independence Act



Question No:15

Assertion (A): The Government of India Act, 1919 was passed by the British Parliament to introduce Diarchy in the provincial government.

Reason (R) : Montague-Chelmsford Reforms Committee has recommended the introduction of Diarchy in the provincial government.

Codes:

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
B. Both A and R is true but R is not a correct explanation of A
C. A is true but R is false
D. A is false but R is true



Question No:16

Consider the following statements :

The Regulating Act of 1773 was passed by the British Parliament in order to :
1. Establish parliamentary control over the administration of the East India Company’s territory in India
2. Make the Governor of Bengal as the Governor General of Bengal
3. End of dual system of administration in India

Which of these statements are correct ?

A. 1,2 and 3
B. 1 and 2
C. 2 and 3
D. 1 and 3



Question No:17

The first definite step to provide parliamentary control over East India Company was taken by :

A. The Regulating Act, 1773
B. The Pitt’s India Act, 1784
C. The Charter Act of 1793
D. The Charter Act of 1813



Question No:18

The Montague-Chelmsford Report formed the basis of :

A. The Indian Council Act, 1909
B. The Government of India Act, 1919
C. The Government of India Act, 1935
D. The Indian Independence Act, 1947



Question No:19

Assertion (A) : The Government of India Act, 1935 and the Constitution of India are both lengthy documents.

Reason (R) : The Government of India Act, 1935 was taken as a model and substaintially incorporated in the Constitution of India.

Codes :

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation s of A
B. Both A and R is true but R is not a correct explanation of A
C. A is true but R is false
D. A is false but R is true



Question No:20

Through which one of the following were commercial activities of the East India Company finally put to an end?

A. The Charter Act of 1793
B. The Charter Act of 1813
C. The Charter Act of 1833
D. The Charter Act of 1853