NEET UG Botany MCQ-100

Question No:1

Maternal inheritance is due to the genes present in

(A) Lysosome
(B) Nucleoplasm
(C) Nucleus
(D) Mitochondria

Question No:2

Oxysomes are located inside

(A) Golgi body
(B) Lysosomes
(C) Plastids
(D) Mitochondria

Question No:3

The exchange of one part of a chromosome to the other part of same or another chromosomes is called

(A) Linkage
(B) Translocation
(C) Mutation
(D) Inversion

Question No:4

Ribosome of bacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts are of

(A) 30 s type
(B) 70 s type
(C) 80 s type
(D) 50 s type

Question No:5

The following pair of elements are relatively abundant in living organisms than in earth’s crust

(A) Oxygen Nitrogen
(B) Magnesium, Carbon
(C) Carbon, Sodium
(D) Carbon, Hydrogen

Question No:6

Which of the following organic compound is used in chemical analysis ?

(A) Benzoic acid
(B) Glacial acetic acid
(C) Trichloro acetic acid
(D) Sulphuric acid

Question No:7

Organic compounds containing an amino group and acidic group as substituents on the same carbon atom are called

(A) Fatty acids
(B) Nucleic acids
(C) Amino acids
(D) Carbohydrates

Question No:8

The total number of types of amino acids is

(A) 5
(B) 21
(C) 12
(D) 18

Question No:9

In which of the following amino acid ‘R’ group is a “Hydroxy methyl” moeity ?

(A) Serine
(B) Glycine
(C) Alanine
(D) Valine

Question No:10

Which of the following amino acid is neutral in nature?

(A) Glutamic acid
(B) Asparatic acid
(C) Valine
(D) Lysine

Question No:11

Find the odd type of amino acid from the following

(A) Phenylalanine
(B) Tyrosine
(C) Tryptophan
(D) Glycine

Question No:12

Which of the following type of biomolecules upon ionization form zwitter ions

(A) Carbohydrates
(B) Nucleic acids
(C) Amino acids
(D) Vitamins

Question No:13

The number of carbon atoms in palmitic acid?

(A) 20
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 14

Question No:14

“Trihydroxy Propane” is an example for

(A) Derived lipids
(B) Conjugated lipids
(C) Simple lipids
(D) All the above

Question No:15

The number of fatty acid molecules in triglyceride is

(A) One
(B) Two
(C) Three
(D) Four

Question No:16

Lecithin consists of

(A) Glycerol molecule, one fatty acid, phosphoric acid, choline
(B) Glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, choline
(C) Glycerol molecule, two fatty acids,. phosphoric acid, choline
(D) Sphingosine, two fatty acids, phosphoric acid, choline

Question No:17

“Anthocyanin” is a type of

(A) Terepenoid
(B) Toxins
(C) Drug
(D) Pigment

Question No:18

“Ricin, Abrin” belong to which category of secondary metabolites?

(A) Lectins
(B) Toxins
(C) Alkaloids
(D) Essential oils

Question No:19

Rubber, gums, cellulose are examples for

(A) Polymeric substances
(B) Pigments
(C) Essential oils
(D) Drug

Question No:20

Binding of symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria to the surface of root hair cell is promoted by the following substance

(A) Vinblastin
(B) Curcumin
(C) Codeine
(D) Concanavalin A