NEET Botany Biodiversity conservation Objective Questions,Solutions,mcq

Biodiversity and Conservation Mock Exam-5

Question No:1

‘We save the entire forest to save the tiger’. This approach of conservation is

[A] In situ
[B] Ex situ
[C] In vitro
[D] In vivo



Question No:2

What percentage of the earth’s land area is covered by all biodiversity hotspots put together?

[A] 6%
[B] 10%
[C] 2%
[D] 15%



Question No:3

Following are examples of ex situ conservation except

[A] Zoological parks
[B] Botanical garden
[C] Wildlife safari park
[D] Biosphere reserve



Question No:4

Following are example of In situ conservation except?

[A] Biosphere reverse
[B] National park
[C] Sacred groves
[D] Gene-bank



Question No:5

Hotspots are characterized by

[A] Very high species richness
[B] High degree of endemism
[C] Region of accelerated habitat loss
[D] All of the above



Question No:6

In India, ecologically unique and biodiversity rich regions are legally protected as

[A] Biosphere reserve
[B] National park
[C] Sanctuaries
[D] All



Question No:7

The Earth Summit (Historic Convention on Biological Diversity) was held in

[A] Johannesburg, South Africa, 2002
[B] Rio De Janerio, 1992
[C] Kyoto, Japan
[D] Montreal, Canada



Question No:8

World Summit on sustainable development was held in

[A] Johannesburg, South Africa, 2002
[B] Rio De Janerio, 1992
[C] Kyoto, Japan
[D] Montreal, Canada



Question No:9

Which of these are hotspots of India?

[A] Western Ghats
[B] Himalaya
[C] Indo-Burma
[D] All of the above (b)



Question No:10

Ex situ conservation include

[A] Cryopreservation of gametes
[B] In vitro fertilization
[C] Tissue culture
[D] All of the above



Question No:11

The reasons for biodiversity conservation are

[A] Broadly utilization
[B] Narrowly utilization
[C] Ethical
[D] All of the above



Question No:12

Following are broadly utilitarian except

[A] Pest control
[B] Flood control
[C] Climate moderation
[D] Pharmaceuticals



Question No:13

In the World Summit on sustainable development held in 2002 in Johannesburg, South Africa, how many countries pledged their commitment to achieve a significant reduction in the current rate of biodiversity loss at global, regions and local levels, by 2010?

[A] 100
[B] 180
[C] 190
[D] 200



Question No:14

Sacred groves are present in

[A] Khasi and Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya
[B] Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan
[C] Western Ghat regions of Karnataka and Maharashtra
[D] All of the above



Question No:15

How do ecologists estimate the total number of species present in the world?

[A] By counting them all
[B] By counting the number of any one species and applying this to various genus.
[C] By making statistical comparison of the temperate-tropical species richness of an exhaustively studied group of insects and extrapolating this ratio to other group of animals and plants.
[D] By calculating biomass of all the species