Polity UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,KPSC,RRB,IAS Prelims,LIC AAO,UPPSC

Indian Polity MCQ-14

The writ of mandamus is available for the purpose of
1. enforcement of Fundamental Rights.
2. compelling a Court or Judicial Tribunal to exercise its jurisdiction when it has refused to exercise it.
3. directing a public official or the Government not to enforce a law which is unconstitutional.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 2 and 3
(B) 1, 2 and 3
(C) 1 and 3
(D) Only 1

The writ of prohibition issued by the Supreme Court or a High Court is issued against
1. judicial or quasi-judicial authorities.
2. administrative and judicial authorities.
3. administrative authorities only.
4. administrative authorities and government.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1 and 4
(B) Only 1
(C) Only 2
(D) Only 4

Which one of the following statements is incorrect?
1. The Right to Private Property was removed from the Constitution by the Forty-Second Amendment.
2. The Right to Private Property which was granted by the original Constitution has been made more sacrosanct by the Forty-Fourth Amendment.
3. The Right to Property was never a Fundamental Right under the Indian Constitution.
4. The Right to Private Property was granted by the original Constitution but it has since been removed from the list of Fundamental Rights.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1,2 and 3
(B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 1, 3 and 4
(D) 1 and 3

Right to Equality includes
1. equality before law.
2. right _ against discrimination on grourjds of race, caste, religion etc.
3. equal pay for equal work.
4. abolition of untouchability.
5. abolition of all titles.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1, 2 and 4
(B) 1,2, 3 and 4
(C) 1, 2, 4 and 5
(D) All of the above

Which of the following statements are incorrect?
1. The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens cannot be suspended under any circumstances.
2. The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the arliament by a two-third majority.
3. The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the President during the National Emergency.
4. The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the President during the National Emergency as well as during the emergency arising due to breakdown of Constitutional machinery in a State.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 2, 3 and 4
(B) 1,3 and 4
(C) 1,2 and 3
(D) 1,2 and 4

Which of the following are the points of criticism against the Fundamental Rights?
1. The economic and social rights do not find any place in the Chapter on Fundamental Rights.
2. The Fundamental Rights are almost absolute and attach too much importance to the interests of the individual.
3. The remedies for the protection of the Fundamental Rights are very expensive and beyond the capacity of the ordinary citizens.
4. The Rights are hedged with so many restrictions and limitations that they virtually became ineffective.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1,2 and 3
(B) 1, 2 and 4
(C) 1,3 and 4
(D) 2, 3 and 4

Which of the following are not included in the right to freedom of religion in the Constitution of India?
1. Freedom of conscience and the right to practice and propagate religion.
2. Levying of taxes or use of funds of the government for the promotion or maintenance of any religion.
3. Establishment and maintenance of religion and charitable institutions
4. Imparting of religious instructions in any government maintained institutions.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 1,2 and 3
(C) 1,3 and 4
(D) 2 and 4

Which of the following are envisaged by the Right against exploitation in the Constitution of India?
1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
2. Protection of the interests of minorities.
3. Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines.
4. Abolition of untouchability.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 1 and 3
(C) 1 and 4
(D) 2, 3 and 4

Which of the following statements regarding the Article 22 of the Constitution of India are correct?
1. The Fundamental Right conferred by this Article protects persons against arrests and detention in certain cases.
2. This Fundamental Right is guaranteed to both citizens and non-citizens.
3. The rights guaranteed under this provision are applicable to those arrested under laws providing for preventive detention.
4. The rights’ guaranteed under this article are not applicable to enemy aliens.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 2 and 4
(C) 1, 2 and 4
(D) 1 and 3

Which of the following are not among the rights provided only to the citizens of India?

(A) Right against Discrimination
(B) Right to Vote ‘
(C) Right to Equality
(D) Right to Hold Public Office

Which one of the following is not a feature of the Fundamental Rights?

(A) It is available to all persons, citizens and non-citizens
(B) These are in the nature of positive obligations upon the state
(C) Some of the rights are available only to the citizens
(D) These are justifiable

‘State’ for the purpose of Fundamental Rights includes?

(A) Government and Parliament of India
(B) Government and Legislature of State
(C) All local authorities
(D) All of the above

The right to make laws to give effect to certain specified Fundamental Rights rests with

(A) Union Legislature
(B) State Legislature
(C) Both Union Legislature and State Legislature
(D) Union Government

Which Article of the Constitution deals with martial law?

(A) Article 33
(B) Article 34
(C) Article 35
(D) All of these

Which of the following is not matched correctly?
Writ Available against

(A) Quo Warranto : Any person
(B) Mandamus : Public official
(C) Prohibition : Lower court
(D) Certiorari : Quasi judicial tribunal and not the courts

What are the essentials of writ of mandamus?
1. It should relate to a public duty.
2. It should be ordered against a public officer.
3. The duty must have been requested.
4. The said duty must have not been performed.
Codes

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 1, 3 and 4
(C) 2, 3 and 4
(D) All of these

Which of the following is correctly matched?
Article – Deals with

(A) 31 A : Laws inconsistent with Fundamental Rights
(B) 31 B : Validating certain Acts
(C) 31 C : Giving effect to Fundamental Duties
(D) 13 : Saving of certain laws