Polity IAS Prelims,TNPSC,KPSC,TNPSC,CSAT,RRB,Railways,UPSC,SSC

Indian Polity MCQ-24

Assertion (A) Supreme Court and High Courts have power to punish for its contempt.
Reason (R) Power to punish for contempt is essential to maintain the independence of judiciary.
Codes

(A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) Both A and R are true but, R is not a correct explanation of A
(C) A is true but, R is false
(D) A is false but, R is true

Consider the following statements
1. The Chief Justice of India holds office for six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years.
2. The Judge of the Supreme Court can resign office by writing to the Chief Justice of India.
3. He can be removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
(C) Only 3
(D) All of these

Which of the following statements related to “anticipatory bail” is not correct?

(A) It can be Greated by a judge of the rank of additional sessions judge and above
(B) The provision of anticipators bail is not available in Uttar Pradesh
(C) It can be Greated in case of bailable offences only
(D) It can be Greated by the court either conditionally or unconditionally

On which of the following grounds can a judge of the Supreme Court or a High Court be impeached?
1. Violation of the Constitution.
2. Proved misbehaviour.
3. Incapacity.
Select the correct using the codes given below

(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) 2 and 3

Consider the following with regard to the writ jurisdiction?
1. The Supreme Court has wider power than a High Court.
2. This power of writ jurisdiction cannot be taken away by any means even by the amendment in the Constitution.
3. This jurisdiction extends only to courts and not to tribunals.
4. The Supreme Court can issue writs not only for the purpose of enforcement of Fundamental Rights but also for the redressal of any other illegality owing to contravention of ordinary law.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 2
(B) Only 2
(C) 2 and 3
(D) 1, 3 and 4

Under which law it is prescribed that all proceedings in the Supreme Court of India shall be in English language?

(A) The Supreme Court Rules, 1966
(B) A Legislation made by the Parliament
(C) Article 145 of the Constitution of India
(D) Article 348 of the Constitution of India

Which of the following are included in the – Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
1. A dispute between the Government of India and one or more states.
2. A dispute regarding elections to either House of the Parliament or that of legislature of a state.
3. A dispute between the Government of India and a Union Territory.
4. A dispute between two or more states.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 and 3
(C) 1 and 4
(D) 3 and 4

What is the provision to safeguard the autonomy of the Supreme Court of India?
1. While appointing the SC Judges, the President of India has to consult the CJI.
2. The SC Judges can be removed by the CJI of India only.
3. The salaries of the judges are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India to which the legislature does not have to vote.
4. All appointments of officers and staffs of the SC of India are made by the government only after consulting the CJI.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 3
(B) 3 and 4
(C) Only 4
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

The minimum number of Judges of the Supreme Court required for hearing any case involving interpretation of the constitution is

(A) 10
(B) 9
(C) 7
(D) 5

In which one of the following cases the supreme Court of India gave verdicts which have a direct hearing on the centre-state relations?

(A) Keshavananda Bharti Case
(B) Vishaka Case
(C) SR Bommai case
(D) Indira Sawhney case

Which of the following statements with respect to the judiciary in India is/are correct?
1. Unlike in the USA, India has not provided for a double system of courts.
2. Under the Constitution of India, there is a single integrated system of courts for the union as well as the states.
3. The organisation of the subordinate judiciary varies slightly from state to state.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) Only 1
(B) 1 and 2
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) 2 and 3

Consider the following statements
1. The salaries, allowances, privileges, leave and pension of the Judges of the Supeme Court are determined from time to time by the Parliament.
2. They cannot be varied to their disadvantage after their appointment under any circumstances.
Codes

(A) Only 1 is correct
(B) Only 2 is correct
(C) Both 1 and 2 is correct
(D) Neither 1 nor 2 is correct

Which of the following statements is/are not correct?
1. Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court to examine the Constitutionality of legislative enactments and executive orders of the Central Government only.
2. The power of the Supreme Court to decide the disputes regarding the election of the President and the Vice-President is concurrent with the High Court.
3.The advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court under Article 143 is binding on the President.
Codes

(A) 2 and 3
(B) Only 3
(C) 1 and 3
(D) All of these

Which one of the following powers of the Supreme Court of India have been correctly listed
1. It appoints the Judges of the High Courts.
2. It is a court of record and enjoys all the powers of such a Court.
3. The decisions of the Supreme Court are enforceable throughout the territory of India.
4. It decides all disputes regarding the election of the President or the Vice-President.
Codes

(A) Only 1
(B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 3 and 4
(D) 2 and 4

The writ of ‘Prohibition’ is issued by a Superior Court

(A) to prevent an inferior court or tribunal from exceeding its jurisdiction or acting contrary to the rules of natural justice
(B) to an inferior court or body exercising judicial or quasi judicial functions to transfer the record to proceedings in a case for its review
(C) where it can call upon a person to show under what authority he/she is holding the office
(D) to an authority to produce an illegally detained person before the court for trial

Which one among the following writs literally means ‘you may have the body’?

(A) Certiorari
(B) Habeas corpus
(C) Mandamus
(D) Quo warranto

In which cases Governor exercises his discretionary powers?
1. In appointment of Chief Minister if not a single party has clear-cut majority in the House or there is no recognised leader of the majority party.
2. In reservation of a Bill passed by State Legislature for the assent of the President.
3. Dismissing a Ministry if he is convinced it has lost majority support in the Assembly.
Codes

(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 and 3
(C) 1 and 3
(D) 1, 2 and 3