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NEET UG Botany MCQ-92

Question No:1

(A): Ribosomes are the primitve and smallest cell organelles, found in all types of living cells.
(R): Ribosomes are non membrane bound cell organelles and are concerned with ammo acid synthesis.

(A) Both ( A ) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of ( A )
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) are (R) wrong.

Question No:2

(A):Vacuole posseses some nonphoto- synthetic pigments.
(R): Anthocyanin pigments are present in chloroplasts.

(A) Both ( A ) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of ( A )
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) are (R) wrong.

Question No:3

(A): Mitochondira, lysosomes and ribosomes are abundant in meristematic cells.
(R):Lysosomes are called ‘suicidal bags’ during starvation.

(A) Both ( A ) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of ( A )
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) are (R) wrong.

Question No:4

(A): SAT chromosomes have terminal trebent beyond secondary constriction.
(R):SAT chromosomes are found in all eukaryotic nuclei.

(A) Both ( A ) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of ( A )
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) are (R) wrong.

Question No:5

(A):Monocentric chromosomes have one centromere only.
(R):SAT chromosomes have secondary constriction.

(A) Both ( A ) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of ( A )
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) are (R) wrong.

Question No:6

(A): Anaphasic teJocentnc chromosomes are single armed
(R): Telocentric chromosomes have no centromere.

(A) Both ( A ) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of ( A )
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) are (R) wrong.

Question No:7

Match the following
Column -I

A) Chloroplast
B)ER
C) Mitochondria
D) Nucleus
Column-II

I) Karyolymph
II) Kinetochore
III) Thylakoid
IV) Cisternae
V) Cristae

ABC D

(A) III IV V I
(B) I V IV III
(C) I III IV V
(D) III II I V

Question No:8

Column-I

A) Centriole
B) Lysosomes
C) Peroxysomes
D) Ribosomes
Column-II

I) Suicidal bags of cell
II) Oxidation of fatty acids
III)Protein factories
IV) Cell division
V) Power houses of cell

ABCD

(A) I III IV II
(B) II I IV III
(C) IV I II III
(D) III IV II I

Question No:9

Study the following and identify the correct match

Plant—- Chromosome No.
A) PEN of Gossypium –I) 12
B) Male gamete of Oryza– II) 78
C) Root cell of Saccharum– III) 24
D) Generative cell of Nicotiana—- IV) 80

ABCD

(A) I II III IV
(B) II I III IV
(C) II I IV III
(D) I II IV III

Question No:10

Column-I

A) Cell-theory
B) Protoplasm theory
C) Cell lineage theory
D) Chromosomal theory
Column-II

1) Sutton and Boveri
2) R. Virchow
3) Schleiden
4) Hertwig

(A) A = 3, B = 2, C – 4, D = 1
(B) A = 3, B = 4, C = 2, D = 1
(C) A= 1, B = 3, C = 2, D = 4
(D) A = 1, B = 3, C = 4, D = 2

Question No:11

Match the items listed in Column-I with appropriate items from Column-II

Column-I—–Column-II
a) Cristae i) Flat membrane sacs in stroma
b) Cisternae ii) Infoldings in mitochondria
c) Thylakoids iii) Disc-shaped sacs in Golgi apparatus

(A) a=ii, b=iii, c-i
(B) a=iii, b=ii, c=i
(C) a=i, b=i, c=iii
(D) a=iii, b=ii, c=i

Question No:12

Match the following.

List-I– List-II
A) Stroma 1) Site for respiratory enzymes
B) Matrix 2) Extension of plasma membrane
C)Mesosome 3) Site for dark reaction
D) Cristae 4) Extension of cell wall
5) Site for F0-Fl particles
ABCD

(A) 3 1 5 2
(B) 3 1 25
(C) 3 1 2 4
(D) 1 3 5 2

Question No:13

Study the following Lists.

List-I –List-II
A) Physical basis of 1) Lysosomes heridity
B) Physical basis of life 2) Ribosomes
C) Universal cell 3) Protoplasm organelles
D)Sucidal bags of the cell 4) Golgicomplex
5) Chromosomes
Choose the correct match

ABCD

(A) 5 3 2 1
(B) 4 3 25
(C) 3 45 2
(D) 1 2 35

Question No:14

Study the following Lists.
List-I —List-II
A) Phycoerythrin 1) Blue green algae
B) Phycocyanin 2) Brown algae
C) Fucoxanthin 3) Ripe tomato
D)Lycopene 4) Red algae
5) Green algae
ABCD

(A) 1 352
(B) 2 54 1
(C) 4 123
(D) 3 21 4

Question No:15

Study the following Lists.
List-I– List-II
A) Protein synthesis 1) Peroxysomes
B) Autolysis 2) Golgi complex
C) Phospholipid 3) Mitochondria synthesis
D) Cellulose synthesis 4) Lysosomes
5) Paladae granules

ABCD

(A) 3 214
(B) 5 423
(C) 4 3 5 1
(D) 5 4 1 2

Question No:16

Study the following Lists.
List-I– List-II
A)Repository of cell 1) Nucleus
B)Cell within a cell 2) Ergosomes
C)Primitive cell organelle3) Peroxysomes
D)Cell brain 4) Mitochondria
5) Vacuole
Identify the correct match
ABCD

(A) 5 4 2 1
(B) 5 412
(C) 4 2 3 5
(D) 1 5 3 2

Question No:17

Study the following Lists.
List-I- List-II
A)Endoplasmic 1) Synthesis of primitive reticulum cell organelles
B)Dictyosome 2) Beads of chromatin
C) Plasmosome 3) Superimposed coils of chromatin
D)Nucleosome 4) Origin of dictyosomes
5) Pectin synthesis and secretion
The correct match is
ABCD

(A) 4 5 2 1
(B) 4 5 1 3
(C) 5 4 2 1
(D) 5 3 1 2

Question No:18

Study the following Lists.
List-I –List-II
A) Golgi complex 1) Lysosome production
B) Ribosomes 2) Peptide bond formation
C)Endoplasmic 3) Secretion of lipids reticulum
D)Peroxysomes 4) Synthesis of phospholipids
5) Hydrolysis of fats Correct match

ABCD

(A) 1 2 3 4
(B) 3 2 1 5
(C) 4 2 1 3
(D) 3 2 1 4

Question No:19

Study the following Lists.
List-I —List-II
A)Kinetochores 1) Beyond the secondary constriction
B) Primary 2) Present either side constriction of centromere
C) Satellite –3) Divides the chromo some into arms
D)Secondary 4) Binding site of constriction spindle fibers
5) May act as NOR

ABCD

(A) 2 3 1 5
(B) 2 5 3 1
(C) 2 4 3 5
(D) 4 2 1 5

Question No:20

Study the following Lists.
List-I— List-II
A) Chromosome 1) Oudet
B) Chromatin 2) Waldeyer
C) Nucleosome 3) Sutton and Boveri
D) Chromosomal theory 4) Flemming
ABCD

(A) 2 3 1 4
(B) 2 4 31
(C) 2 4 1 3
(D) 2 1 4 3