NCERT Excretory Products their Elimination grand Exam paper NEET

NCERT Excretory Products their Elimination Mock Exam-5

Question No:1

Glomerular filtrate will not contain, normally,

[A] Albumin
[B] Glucose
[C] NaCI
[D] Creatinine

Question No:2

Glomerular filtration rate would be decreased by

[A] constriction of the efferent arteriole
[B] an increase in afferent arteriolar pressure
[C] compression of the renal capsule
[D] an increase in renal blood flow

Question No:3

A minute vessel runs parallel to the Henle’s loop forming ‘U’ shape vasa recta is a part of

[A] Peritubular network
[B] Afferent arteriole
[C] Efferent arteriole
[D] Bowman’s capsule

Question No:4

Urine formation mainly involve the process of

[A] ultra filtration
[B] selective reabsorption
[C] secretion
[D] all

Question No:5

How much amount of blood is filtered out by kidney’s/min?

[A] 500ml
[B] 1100-1200 ml
[C] 1500ml
[D] 125ml

Question No:6

How many layers do filtration membrane consist of?

[A] 1
[B] 2
[C] 3
[D] 4

Question No:7

Filtration membrane consist of

[A] endothelium of glomerular blood vessels
[B] epithelium of Bowman’s capsule
[C] basement membrane between above two layers
[D] all

Question No:8

Which of the following is incorrect about ultra filtration?

[A] Podocytes are arranged in intricate manner so as to leave minute space called filtration slits and slit pore, filtration occur finely through these pores
[B] Filtration is so fine that almost all constituent of blood except protein pass onto the lumen of Bowman’s capsule
[C] Filtrated fluid is isotonic to blood plasma
[D] JGA control filtration rate of Ultra filtration

Question No:9

The values of GFR in healthy individual is

[A] 125rm/min
[B] 150ml/min
[C] 100ml/min
[D] 200 ml/mm

Question No:10

The amount of the filtrate formed by the kidneys are

[A] 125 ml/mm
[B] 7.5, litre/hr
[C] 180 litre/day
[D] All

Question No:11

Select the total number of correct matching
(1) JGA —> Juxtaglomerular Apparatus
(2) GFR-> Glomerular Filtration Rate
(3) PCT —> Proximal Conducting Tube
(4) DCT -> Distal Convoluted Tubule
(5) CD -> Conducting Duct
(6) ADH —> Antidiuretic Hormone

[A] 6
[B] 5
[C] 4
[D] 2

Question No:12

JGA is formed by

[A] part of DCT
[B] part of afferent arteriole
[C] both
[D] none

Question No:13

Following are the points of mechanism of JGA. Arrange them accordingly.
(A) Activation of JG cells
(B) Activated JG cells release renin
(C) Fall in GFR
(D) Increase of glomerular blood flow
(E) GFR back to normal

[A] E,A,D,C,B
[B] C,A,B,D,E
[C] A, B, C, D, E
[D] C,A,D,B,E

Question No:14

Nearly how much percent of the filtrate reabsorbed by the renal tubules

[A] 70-80%
[B] 85%
[C] 99%
[D] 90%

Question No:15

Choose the correct statement about absorption in renal tubules from the following:

[A] Glucose, amino acids and Na+ reabsorbed actively
[B] Nitrogenous waste an absorbed by passive transport
[C] 70-80% of electrolyte and water are absorbed in PCT
[D] All