NCERT Biotechnology NEET 2021,NEET online sample paper,biology mcq

Biotechnology and its Application Mock Test-1

Question No:1

Transgenic plants (genetically modified or GM plants) are produced by inserting desired genes in the plasmid of

[A] E. Coli
[B] Pseudomonas
[C] Bacillus subtilis
[D] Agrobacterium



Question No:2

The applications of Biotechnology include,
(A) Therapeutics
(B) Diagnostics
(C) GM crops for agriculture
(D) Processed food
(E) Bioremediation
(F) Waste treatment
(G) Energy production

[A] A,B,C, E ————- only
[B] C only
[C] B, C, D, E only
[D] All



Question No:3

Golden rice is a

[A] Hybrid
[B] GM plant
[C] Transgenic plant
[D] Both (b) and (c)



Question No:4

Which of the GMO used by biotechnology?

[A] Microbes and fungi
[B] Plants
[C] Animals
[D] All of these



Question No:5

Humulin is a

[A] Natural insulin
[B] Human insulin synthesized by genetically engineered E. coli
[C] Human insulin synthesized by pancreas
[D] Chemically synthesized insulin



Question No:6

Critical research areas of biotechnology are

[A] Providing the best catalyst in the form of improved organism usually a microbe or pure enzyme
[B] Creating optimal condition through engineering for a catalyst to act
[C] Downstream processing technologies to purify the protein organic compound
[D] All of the above



Question No:7

Salt stress, disease resistance and cold stress in plants can be introduced by

[A] Genetic engineering
[B] Tissue culture
[C] Hybridoma technology
[D] None of the above



Question No:8

Food production can be increased by

[A] Agro chemical based agriculture
[B] Organic agriculture
[C] Genetically engineered based agriculture
[D] All of the above



Question No:9

DNA fingerprinting was developed by

[A] Prof. Alec Jeffrey
[B] Arber and Smith
[C] Barbara McClintock
[D] Jacob and Monod



Question No:10

Food supply increased how many times after the Green Revolution?

[A] 2
[B] 3
[C] 4
[D] 5



Question No:11

Genetic engineering is useful for

[A] Agriculture
[B] Medical research
[C] Treatment and diagnosis of diseases
[D] All of the above



Question No:12

Increased yield in Green Revolution is mainly due to

[A] Use of agrochemicals (fertilizers and pesticides)
[B] Use of improved crop varieties
[C] Use of GM crops
[D] All of the above



Question No:13

DNA fingerprinting needs

[A] Suitable restriction enzyme
[B] DNA probe
[C] Facilities for gel electrophoresis and southern blotting
[D] All of the above



Question No:14

Following are the advantages of GM crops except

[A] They reduce nucliance on chemical pesticides
[B] Increase efficiency of mineral usage
[C] Enhanced nutritional value of food
[D] Post harvest losses are more



Question No:15

Bt stands for

[A] Bacterial toxin
[B] Botulinum toxin
[C] Bacillus thuringiensis
[D] Bacillus toxin