NEET NCERT Biodiversity conservation,NCERT Chapter wiese MCQs,test

Biodiversity and Conservation Mock Exam-2

Question No:1

Find the true statement.
A. If we consider biochemical or molecular criteria for micro-organisms, their diversity may run into millions.
B. There are 12 mega diversity countries in the world.
C. If we accept May’s global estimates, only 32% of total species have been recorded so far.
D. Western Ghats have a greater amphibian species diversity than Eastern Ghats,

[A] A and B only
[B] D only
[C] A and D only
[D] A, B and D only

Question No:2

India has only ______ percent of the world’s land area; its share of the global species diversity is an impressive ______ percent,

[A] 4.2,1.8
[B] 2.4,8.1
[C] 2.4, 13
[D] 4.2, 13

Question No:3

Match Column-I (Place) with Column-II (No- of bird species)
Column-I Column -II
1) Colombia A. 12,00
2) New York B. 13,00
3) India C. 14,00
4) Amazonian rain forest D. 105

[A] A:3, B:4, C:2, D:1
[B] A:2, B:1, C:4, D:3
[C] A:2,B:4,C:3,D:1
[D] A:3,B:4,C:1,D:2

Question No:4

Find incorrect statement.

[A] India has nearly 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of animals.
[B] A forest in a tropical region like equator has 10 times as many species of vascular plants as a forest of equal area in a temperate region like the mid west of the USA.
[C] Greenland 71Å N has only 56 species of birds.
[D] The diversity of plant and animals is uniform throughout the world.

Question No:5

The largely tropical Amazonian rain forest in South America has the greatest biodiversity on earth. It is home for more than ______ species of plants. ______ of fishes, ______ of birds, ______ of mammals, ______ of amphibians, ______ of reptiles and of more than ______ invertebrates.

[A] 30,000, 4000, 1200, 427, 427, 387, 1,25,000
[B] 40,000, 3000, 1200, 427,427, 387, 1,25,000
[C] 40,000, 3000, 1300, 427, 427, 378, 1,25,000
[D] 40,000, 3000, 1200, 427, 427, 378, 1,25,000

Question No:6

What is the sum of the number of species of birds in New York 41&8491; N and Greenland of 71&8491; N.

[A] 112
[B] 161
[C] 170
[D] 56

Question No:7

Species richness of tropics is because of

[A] Tropics have more evolutionary time.
[B] Tropics have relatively constant environment.
[C] Tropics receive more solar energy.
[D] All of the above

Question No:8

Species-area relationship was provided by

[A] Alexander Van Humboldt
[B] Robert May
[C] Paul Ehrlich
[D] Edward Wilson

Question No:9

The graph formed by plotting species richness against area for a wide variety of taxa (angio-sperm plants, birds, bats, fresh water fishes, etc.) turns out to be a:

[A] Parabola
[B] Straight line
[C] Rectangular hyperbola
[D] Any of the above

Question No:10

log S = log C + Z log A (Logarithmic formula for species-area relationship). True about this formula

[A] S = Species richness A = Area
[B] Z = Regression Coefficient
[C] C=Y-intercept
[D] All of the above

Question No:11

If we analyze species-area relationship among very large area like entire continents, slope of line becomes

[A] Less steeper
[B] Vertical
[C] Much steeper
[D] Horizontal

Question No:12

Z-value in a much steeper slope ranges between

[A] 0.6 to 1.2
[B] 0.1 to 1.2
[C] 0.01 to 0.02
[D] 0.6 to 0.12

Question No:13

For frugivorous (fruit-eating) birds and mammals in the tropical forests of different continents, the slope of species-area relationship is foud to be approx

[A] 0.6
[B] 1.3
[C] 1.15
[D] 1

Question No:14

‘Z’ value in species-area relationship lies in the rage of 1 to 2 for

[A] Plants in Britain
[B] Birds in California
[C] Molluscs in New York State
[D] All of the above