NEET NCERT Class-12 Zoology Evolution online exam,Model,mock test

Evolution Mock Exam-8

Question No:1

Biologists define evolution as:

[A] Heritable change in a line of descent over generations
[B] Inheritance of characteristics acquired by the individual
[C] The origin of species
[D] None of the above

Question No:2

Basic idea of evolution is:

[A] Cosmic evolution
[B] Special creation
[C] Spontaneous generation
[D] Descent with modification

Question No:3

Process of evolution is:

[A] Continuous
[B] Discontinuous
[C] Continuous in the past but discontinuous presently
[D] Discontinuous in the past but continuous presently

Question No:4

Concept of evolution is an excellent working hypothesis to approach the problem of:

[A] Matter, energy and life
[B] Environmental conditions
[C] Prodigality in reproduction
[D] Diversity of organisms upon earth

Question No:5

Darwin’s finches provide excellent evidence in favour of evolution. This evidence comes from the field of:

[A] Anatomy
[B] Biogeography
[C] Embryology
[D] Palaeontology

Question No:6

The evolution of numerous species, such as Darwin’s finches from a single ancestor is called:

[A] Gradualism
[B] Adaptive radiation
[C] Sympatric speciation
[D] Geographical isolation

Question No:7

Darwin’s finches discovered from the Galapagos Islands serve as a good example of:

[A] Mimicry
[B] Camouflage
[C] Seasonal migration
[D] Biogeographical evidence of evolution

Question No:8

The classical example of adaptive radiation in development of new species is:

[A] Darwin’s finches
[B] Marsupials of Australia
[C] Both of these
[D] None of these

Question No:9

The organs of different species that are related to each other through common descent though becomes functionally different are called:

[A] Vestigial
[B] Analogous
[C] Homologous
[D] None of these

Question No:10

Organs which have the same fundamental structure but different in functions are called:

[A] Vestigial organs
[B] Analogous organs
[C] Homoplastic organs
[D] Homologous organs

Question No:11

Homology does not refer to:

[A] Divergent evolution
[B] Common descent
[C] Convergent evolution
[D] Adaptive radiation

Question No:12

The homologous organs are wings of:

[A] Pigeon and bat
[B] Butterfly and bat
[C] Sparrow and honeybee
[D] Parrot and limbs of man

Question No:13

Which of the following are not homologous?

[A] Insect mouthparts
[B] Insect legs
[C] Vertebrate forelimbs
[D] Bird and insect wings

Question No:14

Which of the following is a set of homologous organs?

[A] Wings of grasshopper, flippers of whale
[B] Wings of birds, front feet of horse
[C] Wings of housefly, wings of birds
[D] None of the above

Question No:15

Which group includes homologous organs?

[A] Wings of butterfly, flying fish and bird
[B] Tentacles of Hydra and arms of starfish
[C] Fins of seal, wings of birds and forelimbs of man
[D] Horns of cattle, tail of horse and teeth of mammals