NEET NCERT class-XII Biology Evolution questions,zoology MCQs,PDFs

Evolution Mock Exam-7

Question No:1

According to Oparin, which one of the following was not present in the primitive atmosphere of the Earth?

[A] Oxygen
[B] Methane
[C] Hydrogen
[D] Water vapour

Question No:2

The basic components of atmosphere of primitive Earth were:

[A] Ammonia, methane and water
[B] Methane, ozone, nitrogen and water
[C] Hydrogen, nitrogen, methane and water
[D] Ammonia, methane, hydrogen and water

Question No:3

Which of the following is a true statement?

[A] The primitive atmosphere had 20% oxygen, just like it is today.
[B] The reducing primitive atmosphere contributed to the origin of life, and the oxidizing one today would hinder it
[C] The primitive atmosphere was an oxidizing one and today’s is a reducing one, making photosynthesis possible.
[D] It took so long for prokaryote evolution because the primitive atmosphere screened out the ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

Question No:4

Life originated in:

[A] Air
[B] Water
[C] Land
[D] All of these

Question No:5

Stanley Miller proposed origin of life by.

[A] Biogenesis
[B] Abiogenesis
[C] Chemical synthesis
[D] None of these

Question No:6

The first experiment on chemical evolution and origin of life was carried out by:

[A] Watson and Crick
[B] Miller and Urey
[C] Beadle and Tatum
[D] Darwin and Wallace

Question No:7

The spark-discharge apparatus to test chemical evolution of life was designed by:

[A] Urey and Miller
[B] Dixon and Jolley
[C] Jacob and Monod
[D] Oparin and Haldane

Question No:8

Findings of Miller’s experiment on origin of life have provided evidence for:

[A] Theory of biogenesis
[B] Oparin-Haldane theory
[C] Theory of special creation
[D] Theory of organic evolution

Question No:9

The category of molecules produced by the Miller-Urey experiment was:

[A] Organic polymers
[B] Inorganic polymers
[C] Organic monomers
[D] inorganic monomers

Question No:10

Stanley Miller who is famous for ‘simulation experiments’ belonged to:

[B] UK
[D] Canada

Question No:11

Stanley Miller conducted his experiments and produced animo acids by electric discharge passed through NH, HO, CH and _____.

[A] Oxygen
[B] Hydrogen
[C] Nitrogen
[D] Carbon dioxide

Question No:12

The energy used in the Miller-Urey experiment was:

[A] Photo energy
[B] Electric spark
[C] Atomic radiation
[D] Mechanical energy

Question No:13

Earliest life forms on the earth were:

[A] Auto trophs
[B] Cyanobacteria
[C] Photoautotrophs
[D] Chemoheterotrophs

Question No:14

The concept of chemical evolution is based on:

[A] Crystallization of chemicals
[B] Effect of solar radiation on chemicals
[C] Interaction of water, air and clay under intense heat
[D] Possible origin of life by combination of chemicals under suitable environmental conditions

Question No:15

Which one of the following is incorrect about the characteristic of protobionts (coacervates and microspheres) as envisaged in a biogenic origin of life?

[A] They were able to reproduce.
[B] They could maintain an internal environment.
[C] They were partially isolated from the surroundings.
[D] They could separate combination of molecule from the surroundings.