Indian Geography Competitive exam PDFs,State PSCs,UPSC Civils

Indian Geography Mock Test-23

Question No:1

Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ten degree channel?

(A) Andaman and Nicobar
(B) Nicobar and Sumatra
(C) Maldives and Lakshaweep
(D) Sumatra and Jawa



Question No:2

Turkey is located between?

(A) Black sea and Caspian sea
(B) Black sea and Mediterranean
(C) Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean
(D) Gulf of Aqaba and Dead sea.



Question No:3

Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct?
1. They are generally red in colour
2. They are rich in nitrogen and potash
3. They are well developed in Rajasthan and UP
4. Tapioca and cashew nuts grow well on these soils
Select the correct answer using codes given below:

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 1 and 4 only
(D) 2 and 3 only



Question No:4

The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to costal areas. Which of the following is /are the reasons
1. Thermal difference in land and water.
2. Variation in attitude between continents and oceans
3. Presence of strong winds in the interior
4. Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coasts
Select the correct answer by using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4



Question No:5

Which of the following is /are unique characteristic of equatorial forests?
1. Presence of tall closely set trees with crowns forming a continuous canopy
2. Coexistence of a large number of species.
3. Presence of numerous varities of epiphytes.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3



Question No:6

Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in?

(A) Desert margins, liable to strong wind action
(B) Low flat plains, close to stream courses , liable to flooding
(C) Scrub lands, liable to spread of weed growth
(D) None of these



Question No:7

The loss of ozone layer has serious implications for the quality of the environment because?

(A) Ozone protects organisms from ultraviolent rays
(B) Depleted ozone layer causes rain water to have a lower ph.
(C) Loss of the ozone layer causes the sun’s rays to get trapped in the atmosphere
(D) Depleted ozone layer may lead to increases in dissolved oxygen content in water bodies



Question No:8

Which of the following is/are the characteristics of cyclone?
1. It is a system of low atmospheric pressure in which the barometric gradient is steep.
2. It is a wind system in which winds are blowing inwards in an anti-clockwise direction in the northern hemisphere
3. It is a air movement which is clockwise in the northern hemisphere and anti-clockwise in southern hemisphere
4. A system of atmospheric pressure in which the isobars indicate high pressure at the center and low pressure at the periphery
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 and 4
(B) 1 and 2
(C) 2 only
(D) 2 and 3 only



Question No:9

During December and January, north India experiences excessive cold weather because?
1. These areas being far away from the moderating influence of sea, experience continental climate
2. The cold winds coming from Caspian sea and Turkmenistan bring cold wave over the northern parts of India
3. Low pressure develops over north India due to high temperatures.
4. High pressure develops over north India due to low temperatures
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 and 4 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 4 only
(D) 3 only



Question No:10

Under which of the following conditions is the phenomenon of ‘solar constant’ the highest?

(A) When the rays of the sun travel a greater distance
(B) When the output of the energy is less
(C) When there is a presence of larger amount of dust particles, water vapour, salt and smoke
(D) When the duration of sunlight is more



Question No:11

What type of forest can be found in western coasts, upper Assam, lower slopes of eastern Himalayas, Orissa coasts and neighboring hills?

(A) Dry tropical forest
(B) Alpine forest
(C) Moist tropical forest
(D) Montane sub-tropical forest.



Question No:12

Which one among the following is the main from of degradation in irrigated areas?

(A) Gully erosion
(B) Wind erosion
(C) Salinisation of soils
(D) Siltation of land



Question No:13

Koderma in Jharkhand is the leading producer of ?

(A) Bauxite
(B) Mica
(C) Iron ore
(D) Copper



Question No:14

Minerals are deposited and accumulated in ?

(A) Sedimentary rocks
(B) Metamorphic rocks
(C) Ingneous rocks
(D) None of the above



Question No:15

The continent having the largest area in the equatorial belt is ?

(A) Aisa
(B) South America
(C) Africa
(D) North America



Question No:16

Which of the following statements are correct?
1. Sediment of Gondwana system were deposited under marine conditions
2. Rocks of Gondwana system are fossiliferous
3. Rocks of Gondwana system contains metallic mineral deposits.
4. Gondwana deposition took place in downfaulted through
Select the correct answer by using codes given below :

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 1, 2 and 4
(C) 2 and 4 only
(D) 1 and 3 only



Question No:17

Which one among the following statements is not correct ?

(A) Shillong plateau is an outlier of peninsular plateau of Indi
(B) Aravalli mountain is the oldest mountain chain of India
(C) Vindhyas are example of Flood Mountain.
(D) Rajmahal Highlands are composed of lava deposits



Question No:18

Which one among the following is not correct regarding the black soils of peninsular India?

(A) Rich in Iron, lime and potash
(B) Retentive in moisture
(C) Fertile and well-suited for growing sugarcane .
(D) Rich in phosphorous and organic matter



Question No:19

Which of the following statements regarding the duration of day and night is correct?

(A) Difference is least near the equator and progressively increases away from it
(B) Difference is maximum at the equator and progressively decreases away from it
(C) Difference is least at the tropics and progressively increases towards the equator and poles
(D) Difference is maximum at the tropics and progressively decreases towards the equator and poles



Question No:20

What would be the influence on the weather conditions when in mid-winter high pressure develops over north-western part of India?
1. High and dry winds would blow outward from this high pressure area
2. The northern plain would become cold
3. Scorching winds (locally called loo) would blow during the day time
4. There would be torrential rains brought by thunderstorms.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 and 4 only
(D) 1,2,3 and 4