Geography UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,MPSC,RRB,IAS,Civils,KPSC,NCERT,BEd

Indian Geography MCQ-1

Which part of a tropical cyclone has lowest pressure and highest temperature?

(A) The eye
(B) The eye wall
(C) Spiral bands
(D) Outer convective band

The formation of ozone hole in the Antarctic region has been a cause of concern. What could be the reason for the formation of this hole?

(A) Presence of prominent stratospheric turbulence and inflow of chlorofluorocarbons
(B) Presence of prominent polar front and stratospheric clouds and inflow of chlorofluorocarbons
(C) Absence of polar front and stratospheric clouds and inflow of methane and chlorofluorocarbons
(D) Increased temperature at polar region due to global warming

Assertion (A) The thickness of the atmosphere is maximum over the Equator.
Reason (R) High insulation and strong convection currents occur over the Equator.

(A) If A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) If A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A
(C) If A is true but R is false
(D) If A is false but R is true

MatchList I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists
List I (Oceanic Trench) —— List II (Location)
A. Aleutian 1. Indian Ocean
B. Kermadec 2. North Pacific
C. Sundra 3. South Pacific
D. S Sandwich 4. South Atlantic Ocean
Codes
ABCD

(A) 2 4 1 3
(B) 2 3 1 4
(C) 1 3 2 4
(D) 1 4 2 3

In which one of the following oceans Diamantine Trench situated?

(A) Pacific Ocean
(B) Atlantic Ocean,
(C) Indian Ocean
(D) Arctic Ocean

The acidification of oceans is increasing. Why is this phenomenon a-cause of concern?
1. The growth and survival of calcareous phytoplankton will be adversely affected.
2. The growth and survival of coral reefs will be adversely affected.
3. The survival of some animals that have phyto planktonic larvae will be adversely affected.
4. The cloud seeding and formation of clouds will be adversely affected.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) Only 2
(C) 1 and 3
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

The increase in salinity of water?

(A) increases the rate of evaporation
(B) Decreases the rate of evaporation
(C) Has no effect on the rate of evaporation
(D) Increases the rate of evaporation initially but decreases later

Assertion (A) It is easier to swim in sea-water compared to ordinary water.
Reason (R) Density of sea-water is higher than that of ordinary water.
Codes

(A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) Both-A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A
(C) A is true, but R is false
(D) A is false, but R is true

Falkland Island is recently the bone of contention between South America and Britishers. This Island is located in

(A) North Atlantic Ocean
(B) South Atlantic Ocean
(C) South Indian Ocean
(D) North Pacific Ocean

Assertion (A) The annual range of temperature is less in the equatorial region as compared to the sub-tropical or temperate region.
Reason (R) In the equatorial region, the rainfall occurs all round the year.
Codes

(A) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A
(C) A is true, but R is false
(D) A is false, but R is true

Assertion (A) In Stratosphere the temperature increase with altitude results in a layering effect.
Reason (R) It creates a global ‘inversion layer’, and reduces vertical convection.
Codes

(A) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A
(C) A is true, but R is false
(D) A is false, but R is true

Assertion (A) Wind patterns are clockwise in the Northern hemisphere and anti-clockwise in the Southern hemisphere.
Reason (R) The directions of wind patterns in the Northern and the Southern hemisphere are governed by the Coriolis effect.

(A) If A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) If A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A
(C) If A is true but R is false
(D) If A is false but R is true

Which one of the following is the tide produced as a consequence of moon and sun pulling the earth in the same direction?

(A) Spring tide
(B) Neap tide
(C) Equatorial tide
(D) Low tide

Which of the following currents is located near the coastline of Philippines and China?

(A) Oyashio current
(B) Kuroshio current
(C) Canary current
(D) Benguela current

Which of the following constitutes highest coverage of Earth’s surface?

(A) Pacific ocean
(B) Atlantic ocean
(C) Indian ocean
(D) All the continents clubbed together

In which ocean is the Kamchatak acurrent found?

(A) Pacific Ocean
(B) Atlantic Ocean
(C) Indian Ocean
(D) Arctic Ocean

Identify the odd ones out in relation to the process of upwelling in the ocean?

(A) Benguela current
(B) Canaries current
(C) Peru current
(D) Oyashio current