1. Directions (1-10): In the following passage mere are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
People are as much attuned to fairness as they are to individual self-interest. Therefore, any institution regulating human behaviour will have to …(1)… that the compromises between individual self-interest, collective interest and fairness are all within tolerable limits. These trade-offs are as …(2)… for larger institutions, including the largest of them all, i.e., the state, as they are for the smallest ones like the family. …(3)… as parents should not repeatedly favour one .child over another, the state cannot repeatedly favour one community or class over another. The …(4)… of fairness is ingrained in our psyches. Since human beings often grab what they can, we need institutions to ensure fair …(5)…. Of these institutions, the state is the most important, since it is …(6)… to ensure that basic human needs are ensured with minimal standards of fairness. A state …(7)… of or uninterested in ensuring equity in security, education, food, health and shelter is a state whose legitimacy will be questioned. Further, the legitimacy of the state is dependent on its being as close to a neutral umpire as possible. When the state …(8)… partisan, its legitimacy can be questioned. When the state sheds the umpire’s clothes and becomes one of the players, the rules of fair play are so badly …(9)… that we can only call such an event intolerable …(10)….