English Grammar UPSC,RRB,KPSC,IAS,SSC,CSAT,IBPS Clerks,SBI POs

Sentence Improvement MCQ-86

Directions In the following questions, a part of the sentence is given in bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at 1,2,3 and 4 which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative.

Question No:1

While crossing the road, a snake was seen.

(A) a snake was moving.
(B) he saw a snake.
(C) a snake was observed.
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- The sentence is in Active Voice. Hence, Simple Past Tense (he saw a snake) will be used.

Question No:2

If you have studied hard, you would have got a first class.

(A) If you studied hard.
(B) If you had studied hard.
(C) If you would study hard.
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- Past Perfect Tense (had studied) will be used. The sentence shows an unfulfilled condition.

Question No:3

The new Sultan has been able to bear up all opposition.

(A) bear off
(B) bear down
(C) bear out
(D) (4J No improvement.

Explanation:- bear up (Phr. V.): to remain as cheerful as possible during a difficult time.
bear down (Phr. V.) : to move quickly towards somebody/something in a determined or threatening way bear out (Phr. V.): to show that somebody is right or that something is true

Question No:4

The watchman was on alert all night.

(A) was on the alert
(B) was off the alert
(C) was alert
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- on the alert (Idiom) : on guard against danger, attack, etc.; watchful
ready ‘the ‘ will be used.

Question No:5

Rice is to the Japanese while potatoes are to many Europeans

(A) which
(B) that
(C) what
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- while (Conj.): on the contrary; during the time that

Question No:6

It’s a long time since you didn’t come to see me.

(A) came to
(B) came not
(C) come to
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- Simple Past Tense ‘came to’ will be used.

Question No:7

He comes here often, don’t he?

(A) is he.
(B) does he.
(C) doesn’t he.
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- Positive statement — > Negative Tag The sentence structure is as follows:
Subject (He) Main. V. (comes) Aux. V. (does) not (not does not) — > Per. Pro. same as sub. (he doesn’t)

Question No:8

She did not like the movie, nor I did.

(A) nor did I.
(B) nor I liked it.
(C) nor I like it.
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- The sentence structure will be as follows
nor (nor)+ Aux. V. (did )+ Subject nor did I: (I) also not

Question No:9

The Victorian Era noted the end of human dependence on religion.

(A) marked
(B) showed
(C) indicated
(D) No improvement.

Explanation:- noted (Verb) : noticed or paid careful attention to something
marked (Verb) : officially remembered an event that you considered to be important
showed (Verb): made something clear
indicated (Verb) : showed that something is true or exists

Question No:10

The enemy, beaten at every point, fled from the field.

(A) having been beaten
(B) was beaten
(C) to be beaten
(D) No improvement

Explanation:- having been : suggests that the enemy was once beaten but is no longer (Passive Voice) (Past Participle)